Politics

Bank Gaborone revolutionizes payment solutions with card- to-card feature


Nearly 10 years and over P10 billion later, Morupule B – a 600 Megawatt coal fired energy plant that was envisaged to finish Botswana ‘s national power crises still can’t ship to full capability, forcing the nation  to pay over P2 billion yearly in importation of energy from surrounding producer nations. 

The newest quarterly report from Statistics Botswana, reviewing the nation’s energy technology for the fourth quarter of 2021 has written off the progress made in the course of the third quarter, reporting a quarter-on-quarter lower of 18.9 p.c, from an Index of Electricity Generation (IEG) of 137.7 in the course of the third quarter of 2021 to 111.7, giving a transparent reflection that the nation takes 2 steps ahead and three steps backward so far as native energy technology is anxious.

In the third quarter of 2021, electrical energy technology had picked up, with a 14.6 p.c factors leap on IEG, from the Index of 120.2 in the course of the second quarter of 2021. In bodily phrases, native electrical energy technology had elevated by 14.6 p.c (73,723 MWH), from 505,313 MWH in the course of the second quarter of 2021.Statistics Botswana had credited the rise to improved efficiency of Morupule A and B energy stations.

However in a setback over the last quarter of 2021 manufacturing of electrical energy domestically took a downturn, each on quarterly and year-on-year foundation, primarily due operational challenges at Morupule B. A year-on-year evaluation exhibits a lower of 9.3 p.c in IEG, in comparison with 123.1 recorded in the course of the corresponding quarter in 2020.

The bodily quantity of electrical energy generated decreased by 9.3 p.c (48,278 MWH), from 517,627 MWH in the course of the fourth quarter of 2020 to 469,349 MWH in the course of the present quarter.

The quarter-on-quarter perspective exhibits that native electrical energy technology decreased by 18.9 p.c (109,686 MWH), from 579,036 MWH in the course of the third quarter of 2021 to 469,349 MWH in the course of the interval beneath evaluate. “This decrease was largely due to operational challenges at Morupule B power plant.” Said Statistics Botswana

A lower in native technology means enhance in importation, in the course of the fourth quarter of 2021, the bodily quantity of imported electrical energy elevated by 16.7 p.c (77,716 MWH), from 465,701 MWH in the course of the fourth quarter of 2020 to 543,417 MWH in the course of the quarter beneath evaluate.

Compared to the earlier quarter, electrical energy imported in the course of the fourth quarter of 2021 elevated by 28.0 p.c (118,714 MWH), from 424,703 MWH in the course of the third quarter of 2021 to 543,417 MWH.

Botswana imported 53.7 p.c of complete electrical energy distributed in the course of the fourth quarter of 2021. Eskom, South Africa’s state-owned energy technology outfit was as traditional the primary supply of imported electrical energy at 40.6 p.c of complete electrical energy imports.

The Zambia Electricity Supply Corporation Limited (ZESCO) accounted for 22.0 p.c, whereas the remaining 17.0, 15.0, 4.0 and 1.4 p.c had been sourced from Electricidade De Mozambique (EDM), Southern African Power Pool (SAPP), Cross-border electrical energy markets and Nampower, respectively.

Cross-border electrical energy markets is a Statistics Botswana nomenclature referring to cities and villages alongside the border that are equipped with electrical energy straight from neighbouring nations similar to Namibia and Zambia.

In phrases of distribution year-on-year evaluation exhibits that the quantity of distributed electrical energy elevated by 3.0 p.c (29,438 MHW), from 983,328 MWH in the course of the fourth quarter of 2020 to 1,012,766 MWH in the course of the present quarter.

The quarter-on-quarter comparability of distributed electrical energy exhibits a rise of 0.9 p.c (9,028 MWH), from 1,003,738 MWH in the course of the third quarter of 2021 to 1,012,766 MWH in the course of the evaluate quarter.

Electricity generated domestically contributed 46.3 p.c to electrical energy distributed in the course of the fourth quarter of 2021, in comparison with a contribution of 52.6 p.c throughout the identical quarter in 2020, a lower of 6.3 share factors.

The quarter-on-quarter comparability exhibits that the contribution of electrical energy generated to electrical energy distributed decreased by 11.4 share factors in comparison with the 57.7 p.c.

MORUPULE B CHALLENGES 

The Morupule B mission was adopted because the least value resolution to ensure electrical energy provide, self-sufficiency and handle the challenges within the power sector of Botswana. The plant contains of 4 models with capability of 150 megawatt every, totalling 600 megawatt, all coal fired, along with related transmission infrastructure.

Located adjoining to the present 132 megawatt Morupule A plant, Morupule B was constructed at over P10 billion, funded by debt finance from the African Development Bank, and was speculated to have been accomplished and totally commissioned in 2013, nonetheless virtually 10 years later the multibillion-pula plant remains to be not totally operational, as an alternative value overruns are reported at over P4 billion nonetheless counting.

In a media briefing early this yr Minister of Minerals & Energy Lefoko Moagi mentioned development of the plant was budgeted for P9 billion, however the complete value of development ended up ballooning to over P12 billion. He defined that out of 4 models solely 2 had been working being Unit 2 and Unit 3, producing 80 megawatt and 150 megawatt respectively.

He mentioned Unit 1 was presently at compelled outage due to complete failure whereas Unit 4 was beneath commissioning following completion of remedial works. “What we are doing in Morupule B is that we are changing the heat exchangers, and we have requested from the initial designers to furnish us with a new design of heat exchangers, technologically advanced with proper output configurations”.

Minister Moagi defined that the models might be restarted step by step till the plant is totally operational at 100% output ranges. Remedial works had been delayed by COVID -19 journey restrictions, and the plant will now be totally operational in 2024.

According to Minister Moagi, Botswana is not going to incure any value, remedial value might be totally taken care of by contractor. “As for us, we had budgeted for P45 million, as incidental costs, because our Engineers will be travelling to Morupule, we will be engaging experts to assess the work for us etc.”

In phrases of efforts towards clear power Minister Moagi mentioned Morupule A wad already implementing clear coal applied sciences, gasoline gasoline desulphurisation method in place. “At Morupule B the new heat exchangers that we are installing will have reduced gas emissions,” he mentioned.



Source hyperlink

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.