Indian tycoon Mukesh Ambani’s Reliance Industries spent virtually $1bn within the first quarter of this yr on investments in renewable power, style and ecommerce firms because the conglomerate works to diversify away from fossil fuels.
India’s largest listed firm is more and more counting on acquisitions to gas its growth and tackle Gautam Adani, an industrialist with one of many nation’s largest renewables portfolios. It can be warding off challenges from Amazon and Walmart-owned Flipkart within the retail sector.
Reliance’s dealmaking within the first quarter of the yr hit a three-year excessive at 10 offers, in line with knowledge from Refinitiv. Two of these offers, value about $330mn mixed, have been to strengthen Reliance Retail’s ecommerce platform, with investments in supply start-up Dunzo and robotics firm Addverb, which is anticipated to assist Reliance automate its warehouses.
Reliance Industries on Friday introduced annual revenues of $102bn, a document for an Indian firm. In the quarter ended March, it posted web revenue attributable to firm house owners of Rs162bn ($2.1bn), a 22.5 per cent rise over the identical interval final yr that also missed analyst forecasts.
“Traditionally, Reliance has always relied on building up scale and expertise in-house,” mentioned Probal Sen, analysis analyst at ICICI Securities.
“That’s been a significant change of strategy over the last three-four years, where they have been more than happy to acquire capabilities, technologies or infrastructure that they themselves don’t have.”
Sen added that Reliance may finance large bets on expertise because of its triple B plus credit score rating — higher than India’s sovereign ranking of triple B minus. He mentioned Ambani enjoys “absolute carte blanche” from traders “not really paying attention to return ratios in the short term”.
The group’s largest investments final yr got here from Reliance Industries, house to the oil and petrochemicals unit that historically drove the conglomerate’s earnings. Last June, it launched an formidable $10bn funding scheme to diversify away from fossil fuels.
Ambani mentioned Reliance was planning to construct 4 giga factories throughout 5,000 acres at its Jamnagar refinery advanced in Gujarat to make photo voltaic panels, batteries for power storage, electrolysers to supply hydrogen and gas cells to transform it. These are supposed to assist offset emissions from its fossil gas enterprise, after Reliance pledged in 2020 to turn out to be “net carbon zero” by 2035.
Sodium-ion battery designer and maker Faradion was one in all Reliance Industries’ largest 2021 acquisitions, at £100mn, plus £25mn in funding. Reliance intends to make use of UK-based Faradion’s expertise at its manufacturing facility for batteries to retailer power, with the aim of producing batteries to be used in automobiles.
Faradion had not initially sought a buyout. “We were more running a fundraising or investment process, and then from there [Reliance] seduced my investors with an attractive offer,” mentioned James Quinn, Faradion’s chief government. Reliance “moved very, very quick,” recalled Quinn. “I think from term sheet to signing was about 45 days.”
The deal made sense for each side, mentioned Quinn. “What Faradion does really well is innovate and advance the technology. What Reliance can do really well is large-scale industrialisation, building very big factories and doing it cost effectively.”
Although Reliance Industries spent essentially the most cash in 2021, subsidiaries Reliance Retail and telecoms unit Jio additionally made acquisitions.
In January, Reliance Retail’s enterprise arm paid $200mn for a 25.8 per cent stake in Dunzo, the ecommerce supply firm. While Reliance Retail is already India’s largest retailer, it needs to promote extra merchandise on-line.
“We believe there is massive collaboration that we can do directly into the Reliance Retail supply chain,” mentioned Kabeer Biswas, Dunzo co-founder.
“For every dollar of gross merchandise value that we drive, 30-40 per cent could come directly from Reliance Retail sourcing pipeline.”